2011 Wireless Symposium and Summer School
June 1-3, 2011
Thursday, June 2, 2011, 8:00 – 9:00 AM
“Cognitive Radio Games”
Dr. K. J. Ray Liu, University of Maryland, USA
Cognitive radio is an intelligent wireless communication system that is aware of its surrounding environment and can adaptively change its operating parameters based on interactions with the environment and users. With cognitive radio technology, future wireless devices are envisioned to be able to sense and analyze their surrounding environment and user conditions, learn from the environmental variations, and adapt their operating parameters to achieve highly reliable communications and efficient utilization of spectrum resources. In a cognitive network, users are intelligent and have the ability to observe, learn, and act to optimize their performance. Since they generally belong to different authorities and pursue different goals, fully cooperative behaviors cannot be taken for granted. Instead, rational users will only cooperate with others when cooperation can benefit them, e.g. improving their own performance. Therefore, a key problem in cognitive networks is how to stimulate cooperation among rational users and how to defend against intelligent attackers.
To address the interactions of the dynamics among conditions, resources, environments, and users, game theory has naturally become an important emerging tool that is ideal and essential in studying, modeling, and analyzing the cognitive interaction process. This is, of course, no surprise since game theory has been a core tool in the study of human economics and business models, in particular in the understanding of cooperation, interaction, and conflict, via which strategies and mechanisms can be developed to offer flexible and adaptable solutions. In a certain sense, what is taking place in cognitive communications and networking can be viewed as a kind of information game, where optimal policies, strategies, and protocols are developed by the information obtained by users through interaction, cooperation, or competition of communication/networking devices, contrasting to economic and financial games being considered in human society. Not only traditional games can be leveraged to apply to various networking scenarios, but new games can also be developed since wireless communications is interference-limited instead of quantity-limited as the case of most economic models. Therefore we are seeing the new era of information games emerging and unfolding.
In this talk, some recent advances on the use of game theoretical frameworks for cognitive radios in improving robustness and security will be discussed and illustrated, as well as some future directions.
Dr. K. J. Ray Liu was named a Distinguished Scholar-Teacher of the University of Maryland in 2007, where he is theChristine Kim Eminent Professor in Information Technology. He leads the Maryland Signals and Information Group conducting research encompassing broad aspects of wireless communications and networking, information forensics and security, multimedia signal processing, and biomedical engineering.
Dr. Liu is the recipient of numerous honors and awards including the IEEE Signal Processing Society Technical Achievement Award; best paper awards from IEEE and EURASIP; IEEE Signal Processing Society Distinguished Lecturer; EURASIP Meritorious Service Award; and National Science Foundation Young Investigator Award. A Fellow of the IEEE and AAAS, he is recognized by Thomson Reuters as an ISI Highly Cited Researcher. Dr. Liu is President-Elect of the IEEE Signal Processing Society. He was the Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Signal Processing Magazine and the founding Editor-in-Chief on the EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing. Dr. Liu also received various research and teaching recognitions from the University of Maryland, including the Poole and Kent Senior Faculty Teaching Award and the Outstanding Faculty Research Award, both from the A. James Clark School of Engineering; and Invention of the Year Award from the Office of Technology Commercialization.
His recent books include Cognitive Radio Networking and Security: A Game Theoretical View, Cambridge University Press, 2010; Behavior Dynamics in Media-Sharing Social Networks, Cambridge University Press (to appear); Handbook on Array Processing and Sensor Networks, IEEE-Wiley, 2009; Cooperative Communications and Networking, Cambridge University Press, 2008; Resource Allocation for Wireless Networks: Basics, Techniques, and Applications, Cambridge University Press, 2008; Ultra-Wideband Communication Systems: The Multiband OFDM Approach, IEEE-Wiley, 2007; Network-Aware Security for Group Communications, Springer, 2007; and Multimedia Fingerprinting Forensics for Traitor Tracing, Hindawi, 2005.